Title 6: Animals Menu
(including the Public Works Department and the Police Department)
108 S. D Street
Bridger, MT 59014
(including the Public Works Department and the Police Department)
108 S. D Street
Bridger, MT 59014
Chapter 6.04 - GENERAL PROVISIONS
Chapter 6.08 - LICENSES AND REGULATIONS
Chapter 6.12 - IMPOUNDMENT
Article I. - Animal Regulations
Article II. - Trapping
When used in this title, the following words and phrases have the meanings ascribed to them in this section:
"At large" means an animal which is not confined to the land of its owner or other person in charge thereof, or which is not under leash.
"Keeping" means owning, maintaining, sheltering, harboring, or otherwise retaining control over, or possession of, an animal.
"Kennel" means any premises or property of any kind or description where more than three dogs or cats are kept.
"Law enforcement officer" means, for the purpose of dealing with animals, any authority by whatever name authorized by the town to enforce this code.
"Owner" means any person keeping an animal.
"Vaccinate" means the inoculation of a dog or other animal with an antirabies vaccine by any licensed veterinarian.
(Prior code § 5-1-01)
A. For the purposes of this section, a "wild animal" is defined as any live monkey (nonhuman primate), raccoon, skunk, fox, poisonous snake, leopard, panther, tiger, lion, lynx, or any warm-blooded animal from the wild state.
B. No person shall keep or permit to be kept on his or her premises any wild or vicious animal for display or for exhibition purposes, whether gratuitously or for a fee. This section shall not be construed to apply to zoological parks, performing animal exhibitions, or circuses.
C. No person shall keep or permit to be kept any wild animal as a pet.
D. The animal warden shall have the power to release or order the release of any young wild animal kept under permit which is deemed capable of survival.
(Prior code § 5-1-02)
A person with a kennel license may not possess or keep more than eight (8) dogs or eight (8) cats on his or her premises at any one time, except when the natural increase of the number of such animals occurs, then the owner has fifty-six (56) days to dispose of the number of animals in excess of eight (8).
(Ord. No. 28, 11-4-2014)
Any barn, stable, building, shed, yard or other place wherein any animal is or has been kept, which barn, stable, building, shed, yard or other place is suffered to become filthy or offensive to neighbors or passersby, or injurious to the health of any neighborhood, or tends to contaminate the atmosphere in any place in the town is declared to be a nuisance.
(Prior code § 5-1-03)
The owner or custodian of every animal shall retrieve and remove all excreta deposited by his or her animal on public walkways or public recreation areas.
(Prior code § 5-1-04)
A. The keeping of goats and swine within the limits of the town is prohibited.
B. No person owning or having control of a horse, bovine, sheep, goat, swine, chicken, duck, turkey, or other livestock animals, shall allow any such animal to be at large.
C. The keeping of horses, donkeys, mules, sheep, cattle, other livestock, and chickens, within the limits of the town without a permit is prohibited.
(Prior code § 5-1-05)
A. In order to qualify for a permit to keep livestock identified in Section 6.04.050 of this chapter within the limits of the town, a citizen must own or lease a plot of land that equals one-half acre (acreage) or more. All of the acreage must be open and accessible to any animal for which the permit is issued and cannot be divided or cordoned in such a manner as to prevent the free roaming of the animal on the entire acreage. The acreage shall be measured in accord with the criteria set forth in subsection F of this section.
B. Temporary corralling or fencing off of a smaller area than the required acreage shall be allowed for the purpose of veterinarian care or other health related issues for the animal so long as such corralling or fencing off of a smaller area does not exceed one consecutive month or two months in the aggregate per calendar year.
C. Permits shall be issued by the town clerk and shall be issued per animal. A separate permit is needed for each animal and only one permit shall be issued for each acreage.
D. All vegetation defined under Section 8.16.010 of this code, grown to a height not to exceed three feet, for the exclusive purpose of providing feeds for livestock pursuant to a permit, shall be declared to be pasture grass.
E. Pasture grass on acreage shall only be grown on contiguous plots of land one-half acre or greater.
F. The measurement of acreage in subsection A of this section shall not include:
1. Any land encumbered by a structure, whether permanent or mobile;
2. Any land that is not used for pasture grass.
G. The owner or occupant intending to grow pasture grass shall notify the town clerk or the town public works director of the intent to grow pasture grass.
H. The town public works director shall report to the town clerk the date on which he or she has determined that the pasture grass has reached a height of three feet, and the town clerk shall provide written notice to the owner and occupant of the same by sending such notice by regular mail to the last known address of the owner and occupant.
I. If the owner or occupant of any land on which pasture grass is grown fails to harvest the pasture grass either by machinery or by grazing within two weeks of the date on which the notice in subsection H of this section is sent, then the provisions of Section 8.16.030 of this code shall be enforced and the owner or occupant shall be deemed in violation of Section 8.16.030 of this code and subject to the fine set forth in subsection J of this section.
J. The owner and occupant shall each be held liable for compliance under the ordinance codified in this section and under Section 8.16.010 of this code. The fine for violation of the ordinance codified in this section or Chapter 8.16 of this code shall be fifty dollars ($50.00) for each violation and all other penalties and financial obligations set forth in Section 8.16.030 of this code.
K. Pasture grass shall not be allowed for one year on the particular lot identified to be in violation of Section 8.16.010 of this code except by approval of the mayor and the town council.
L. Property owners who own or lease a plot of land that equals five (5) or more acres within the town limits are exempt from the requirements of this section.
(Ord. 2005-07 § 3)
(Ord. No. 24, 5-7-2013)
No person shall keep or maintain, on any premises, property or place in the town, hives or colonies of bees.
(Prior code § 5-1-06)
The keeping of dogs, cats, geese, guineas, peafowl, pigeons, rabbits, and rodents within the limits of the town is permitted, provided that the aggregate number of such animals kept within one household or on any one premises does not exceed three (3) animals of any one kind. The keeping of more than three (3) of the same kind of animal is prohibited, except as follows:
A. When a natural increase of the number of such animals occurs, the owner shall have forty-five (45) days to dispose of the number of animals in excess of three (3);
B. In the case of dogs or cats, if the owner wants to keep more than three (3) dogs or more than three (3) cats for more than forty-five (45) days, the owner must pay a kennel fee as set forth in the table of fees.
(Prior code § 5-1-07)
(Ord. No. 26, 9-2-2014)
A. When a permit is required to keep an animal, the owner of the animal shall secure the permit from the authorized animal control person, or from the town clerk. Permits shall be granted for a period no longer than one year, and will expire on the thirtieth (30th) day of April of each year. A new permit shall be secured no later than the first day of May of each year that an animal is kept. The fee for the permits shall be as stated in the table of fees in the appendix to this code.
B. No permit for the keeping of horses, sheep, or cattle shall be granted unless one half acre of pasture is provided for each horse, bovine, or four sheep. No permit for the keeping of chickens shall be granted unless the chickens are kept penned at all times, and the number of chickens maintained is not so great as to cause undue noise or commotion in the neighborhood.
C. All animals kept within the town limits of the town shall be maintained in a clean and sanitary condition. It is unlawful to keep animals within a small area, in which manure accumulates, which draws flies, or which provides odor.
D. The animal control warden may revoke or suspend any resident's license when that resident violates any provision of this code.
E. Property owners who own a plot of land that equals five (5) or more acres within the town limits are exempt from the permit requirements of this section.
(Amended during 2002 codification; prior code § 5-1-08)
(Ord. No. 25, 5-7-2013)
It is prohibited for any person to wilfully or cruelly inflict pain upon, or injure, any animal. No animals shall be kept within the town limits in such a manner that it is not properly fed or cared for, or provided with adequate supply of water. Upon application made by an animal warden, the town court may order impounded and held, pending disposition of any complaint filed under MCA 45-8-211, any animal being apparently mistreated or neglected, with costs of confinement to be paid by the owner.
(Prior code § 5-1-09)
Failure to comply with any of the requirements of this article shall be punishable in accordance with general penalty provisions of this code, unless otherwise specifically stated.
(Prior code § 5-1-010)
Use of traps within the town, for the purpose of trapping animals, unless the same is a live animal trap, is prohibited, with the exception that the town, through its properly authorized agents and employees, shall be authorized to trap when deemed in the best interest of the health and safety of the town, or the town's property.
(Prior code § 5-5-01)
Penalty for violation of this article shall be the same as the general penalty of this code.
(Prior code § 5-5-02)
It is unlawful for any person to keep any dog over the age of five months unless the dog has attached to its neck a substantial collar to which is fastened a valid license tag issued by the town.
(Ord. 38 § 1 (part), 2001: prior code § 5-2-01)
A. Dog licenses shall be obtained at the town hall. The owner of the dog shall pay the license fee as set forth in the table of fees, and shall present a certificate from a licensed veterinarian showing that the dog has received a rabies vaccination which will remain viable for the period of the license, so long as the dog is old enough to have received said vaccination. Licenses shall be issued for the period of one year, being from May 1st to April 30th. For the purposes of determining the license fee, the owner of a spayed female dog or a neutered male dog shall present a certificate of a licensed veterinarian showing that the dog has been spayed or neutered. Licenses for spayed or neutered dogs may be issued without necessity of presentation of the certificate for successive years.
B. The owner shall, at the time application for a license is made, state upon a printed form provided for that purpose, the name and address of the owner, the name, breed, color, sex, age, and if the animal has been spayed or neutered, of each animal owned or kept by the owner; also the date vaccinated for rabies and the signature of the veterinarian who vaccinated the small animal.
C. A grace period of thirty (30) days shall be provided for parties who move to town with animals, or for parties who acquire new animals. After the dog has been kept within the town for thirty (30) days, licenses shall be required.
(Prior code § 5-2-02)
The license tags and permit fees for dogs and other animals within the town shall be as established from time to time by ordinance.
(Ord. 38 § 1 (part), 2001: prior code § 5-2-03)
Each animal, as set forth and identified in this chapter, within the Town of Bridger shall be licensed and a permit issued or recorded each year by the town for said animal. The fee for licensing an animal shall be ten dollars ($10.00) from May 1 through May 31. The fee for licensing an animal after May 31 shall be twenty-five dollars ($25.00). If an owner has more than three animals, the owner shall be required to purchase an additional kennel license for the sum of fifty dollars ($50.00) in addition to each license.
A person taking residency in Town of Bridger shall have thirty (30) days within which to purchase a license for the ten dollar ($10.00) fee.
(Ord. No. 21, § 3, 5-4-2010)
Upon licensing or renewal, there shall be delivered to the dog's owner a tag of metal or other permanent substance, to be fastened to the dog's collar. The tag shall state the year of the license, and shall bear a unique serial number. The serial number of the tag and the owner's name and address shall be recorded together in the registry of dogs to be maintained at the town hall.
(Prior code § 5-2-04)
A. No Dogs in Parks. Dogs are prohibited from entering upon any park within the town, including any walkway, path or sidewalk extending across or over any park within the town.
B. Violation a Misdemeanor. The owner of a dog who enters a park in violation of this section is guilty of a misdemeanor and shall be punished by a fine not to exceed five hundred dollars ($500.00).
(Ord. 30 § 3, 2000: prior code § 5-2-05)
It is unlawful to keep a dog which:
A. Causes injury to other persons or property;
B. Chases or harasses persons or vehicles not trespassing upon the owner's property;
C. Unreasonably disturbs the peace of the town by undue howling or barking;
D. Does or probably will chase, intimidate or harass other individuals.
(Ord. 30 § 1 (part), 2000; prior code § 5-2-06)
A. Any animal not properly licensed shall be deemed a dog at large.
B. For any animal ticketed as a dog at large, as an unlicensed animal, or as a nuisance as set forth in this chapter, that animal's owner shall be fined as follows:
1 st offense
$50.00 plus license fee
2 nd offense
$75.00 plus license fee
3 rd or more offense
$100.00 plus license fee
(Ord. No. 21, § 3, 5-4-2010)
Whenever danger to the public safety is imminent, the animal control warden, or the mayor, may require that all dogs located within the town limits be confined on the premises of their owner, or that they be securely muzzled.
(Ord. 30 § 1 (part), 2000; prior code § 5-2-07)
Whenever in the judgment of the animal control warden or the mayor, a dog is creating a serious nuisance, as an alternative to a first offense, the animal control warden or mayor may issue a warning to the owner of the dog, requiring that the dog be secured in a manner in which it cannot disturb the peace, or requiring that the dog be removed from the town limits. In the event that the warning is not heeded, an offense shall result in the issuance of a citation.
(Ord. 30 § 1 (part), 2000: prior code § 5-2-08)
Every person having under his/her control any female small animal in heat (i.e., in the oestrual period) shall confine such small animal in a house, garage or other enclosed area. The female small animal shall be contained in such a manner that the female cannot come into contact with a male of the same species except for planned breeding. Such female not so confined is a public nuisance, and the owner or other person in control of such small animal is guilty of maintaining a public nuisance and upon conviction shall be guilty of a misdemeanor. The animal control officer or any police officer shall immediately abate every such nuisance by impounding such small animal.
(Ord. 30 § 1 (part), 2000: prior code § 5-2-09)
The fees and charges for failure to license animals shall be as established from time to time by ordinance.
(Ord. 38 § 1 (part), 2001: prior code § 5-0-10)
Any animal kept or allowed to run at large in violation of the provisions of this title may be seized and impounded by any law enforcement officer.
(Prior code § 5-3-01)
The impounding official shall give notice of the impoundment of any animal by causing personal service on the owner, or on some responsible person at the owner's residence or place of business. If such person cannot be found, notice shall be given by detention of the animal and by posting the information of impoundment in two separate places in the town.
(Prior code § 5-3-02)
It shall be the duty of the animal control warden to see that any impounded animal has sufficient and proper food and water, also shelter and other care when needed.
(Prior code § 5-3-11)
The owner must redeem the impounded animal within five days after the giving of notice, or it shall be subject to disposal under the provisions of this chapter. At the time of redemption, the owner shall pay any impounding fees as shall be set forth in the table of fees. Any law enforcement official may issue a ticket or notice to appear in court to the person redeeming any animal impounded for violation of any provision of this title.
(Prior code § 5-3-20)
The refusal or failure of the owner to redeem the animal within the time set forth above, and to pay the impounding fees shall be held to have abandoned the animal. The animal control warden may offer the animal for sale and transfer title free and clear of all claims and interest of the previous owner. In the event that the animal is not purchased or redeemed, it may be disposed of in a humane manner by any law enforcement officer. Any impounded dog or other animal suffering from an infectious disease shall not be released, but must be put to death, unless an order otherwise has come from the animal control warden.
(Prior code § 5-3-30)
Whenever an animal is to be disposed of under this chapter, any person may apply to the town court for permission to remove the animal permanently from the town. Upon such person's filing with the court his/her written agreement to remove the animal from the town and be responsible for its permanent exclusion, the town court judge may, in his/her discretion, make an order allowing the animal to be removed from the town instead of being put to death.
(Prior code § 5-3-40)
The chief of police shall maintain a record of the disposition of all impounded animals, including date of impoundment, notice given, redemption or disposition, and the date of redemption or disposition.
(Prior code § 5-3-50)
Any dog which has not been vaccinated for rabies after an age for which it should have been vaccinated, and which bites a human being, puncturing the skin, will be put to death in order to determine whether or not it is rabid in a manner and at a time which will allow early detection of the disease. Testing for rabies will be made at the expense of the owner of the animal.
(Prior code § 5-3-70)
A. It is unlawful to permit any dog to run at large within the town limits.
B. All dogs shall be confined on the private property of the owner of the dog, or be within the actual physical control of the owner or his/her assignee at all times of the night or day.
C. Any law enforcement officer shall seize and impound any dog found within the town limits which is not on the private premises of its owner or within the actual physical control of the owner. The impounding officer shall give reasonable notice of the impoundment of the dog to its owner, in compliance with this code, and shall proceed to dispose of any such animal so impounded after it has been impounded for a total of five days.
D. All owners of dogs who allow their animals to run at large in violation of this code shall be guilty of a misdemeanor. The fine for allowing a dog at large shall be as established from time to time by ordinance.
(Ord. 38 § 1 (part), 2001; prior code § 5-3-60)